الخميس، 4 فبراير 2016

الزوجات الإلهيات لآمون God's Wife of Amun


 الزوجات الإلهيات لآمون God's Wife of Amun

God's Wife of Amun

The God's Wife of Amun was the highest ranking priestess in the cult of Amun. She was associated with the temple of Amun in Karnak. When Queen Ahmose Nefertari was given the position of God's Wife, land and property was endowed for this priestly position.
The Divine adoratrix was a priestess ranking slightly below the God's Wife and she may have served as a deputy or stand in for the God's Wife. The position of God's Wife of Amun was  reserved for royal women. The position was usually given to the mother of the king (in the earlier part of the new kingdom) or to the daughter of a king.

The position of divine adoratrix could be held by non-royal women as well.
God's Wife (of Amun) - hmt ntjr (en imn)
Divine Adoratrix - dwat ntjr
God's Hand - djrt ntjr

18th dynasty

Sit-ir-bau: Royal woman from the early 18th or late 17th dynasty depicted in the tomb of Khabeknet.
Titles:  God's Wife (hmt-ntr), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy) [Grajetski, Kitchen: Ramesside Inscriptions Vol III]

Ta-khered-qa:  Royal woman from the early 18th or late 17th dynasty depicted in the tomb of Khabeknet.
Titles: God's Wife (hmt-ntr), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy) [Grajetski, Kitchen: Ramesside Inscriptions Vol III]



Close-up of a scene in the tomb of Khabeknet. The four ladies on the left are all God's Wives.
From left to right: [...], Ta-khered-qa, Sit-ir-bau, and Kamose (same as Sit-Kamose?)
From Lepsius, Abt 3, Band  5, Bl. 2

Ahhotep I : Wife of Seqenenre Tao II and mother of Ahmose. The title God’s Wife only appears on her coffin.

Ahmose Nefertari: Daughter of Seqenenre Tao II and sister-wife of Ahmose. She was the first God’s Wife of Amun and was the female counterpart of the High Priest of Amun.
Betsy Bryan, Property and the God’s Wives of Amun, Johns Hopkins University, pdf file



Ahmose-Nefertari and her son Amenhotep I as depicted in a tomb in Qurna.
Ahmose Nefertari had the title God's Wife.
See Lepsius  Abt III, Band 7, Bl. 99

Sit-Kamose: probably a daughter of Kamose. May have become a God's Wife only posthumously. A lady called Kamose is depicted in the tomb of Khabeknet. She is named: God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Kamose, may she live. [Kitchen: Ramesside Inscriptions Vol III]

Meryetamun: Daughter of Ahmose and sister-wife of Amenhotep I. Her tomb was found in the hills of Thebes.
On her coffin is an inscription identifying her: "the King gives a boon to Osiris, the Great God, Lord of Abydos, that he may cause to come forth at the call, bread and beer, beef and fowl, bandages, incense and unguents  and all things good and pure on which a god lives, and the sweet north wind, for the spirit of the King's Daughter and Sister, the God's Wife, the King's Great Wife, joined to the Crown of Upper Egypt. Mistress of the Two Lands, Meryet-Amun true of voice with Osiris."
From: The Egyptian Expedition 1928-1929: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes by H. E. Winlock
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Vol. 24, No. 11, (Nov., 1929), pp. 1+3-34.

(Ahmose-)Sitamun: daughter of Ahmose and possibly (?) represented as a colossal statue in front of the eight pylon at Karnak. A bracelet inscribed for "The God's Wife Sitamun, beloved of Amun" on one side and "The God's Wife, Ahmose Nefertari, beloved of Amun-Ra" on the other side is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. From: Egyptian Art, by C. Lilyquist, Notable Acquisitions (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1980)

Hatshepsut:
Daughter of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose.
From this time period:
TT 224 - Ahmose Humay
, Overseer of the estate of the God's Wife, Overseer of the double granaries of the God's Wife Ahmose-Nefertary Temp. Tuthmosis III - Hatshepsut Parents: Senusert and Taidy;  Wife: Nub (Royal concubine)

Neferure: Daughter of Tuthmosis II and Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut. Possibly wife of Tuthmosis III

Seniseneb: divine adoratrice of Amun and a temple singer.
Seniseneb was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun and Vizier Hapuseneb and his wife Ahhotep. Seniseneb married the second priest of Amun Puyemre. Thutmose III: A New Biography, by O’Conner and Cline (eds) pg. 107, 110


Isis: Mother of Tuthmosis III. Received the title of GW after her death.

Sitiah: Wife of Tuthmosis III in the early part of his reign.

Huy: Divine Adoratrix.
Mother of Queen Merytre Hatshepsut. Known from a statue depciting Huy with several of her grand-children. On the statue the inscription reads:
Favorite Loved one of the Lord of the Two Lands, Superior of the harem in the Temple of [Amen], Superior of the harem in the Temple of Re, Divine adoratrix of [Amen], Divine adoratrix in the Temple of Atum, She Who Bore the God's Wife and the King's Principal Wife

Merytre-Hatshepsut:
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Sole One, Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt-w’tit), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), God’s Hand (djrt-ntr). Wife of Tuthmosis III. She was the daughter of the Divine Adoratrix Huy.


Merytre (Hatshepsut) with her son Amenhotep II.
Her titles here are: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt),  Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt),
God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), God’s Hand (djrt-ntr) (TT72)

Merytamun: Daughter of Tuthmosis III and Merytre-Hatshepsut. Depicted in the Hathor shrine behind her father Tuthmosis.



The God's Wife Merytamen depicted behind her father Tuthmosis III.
Image from: The Egyptian Expedition 1928-1929: The Museum's Excavations at Thebes by H. E. Winlock
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin
, Vol. 24, No. 11, (Nov., 1929)

Tiaa: Wife of Amenhotep II and mother of Tuthmosis IV.
From this time period we have Hety, Steward of the god's wife of Amun, Scribe, and Counter of cattle of the God's Wife of Amun. He was the son of Nebnufer and Men. His father was also a "Counter of cattle of the God's Wife of Amun". Hety was married to the lady Nefertary. Hety was buried in TT151.

MaetkaDivine Adoratrix of Amun Time of Amenhotep III.
Maetka was the wife of Senena, Head goldsmith of Amun. She is mentioned inTheban Tomb TT169, the tomb of her husband. [Porter and Moss]

[...] Unidentified God's Wife and God's Hand depicted in Luxor. A priestess - only described as God's Wife and God's Hand - appears behind Amenhotep III. For a more complete picture of this scene see: History of God's Wives, by Karl Leser. link
 
Unidentified God's Wife from the time of Amenhotep III.



[...Mut...] Unidentified God's Wife known from a statue from the temple of Hathor at Dendera. Her titles include God's Wife, King's Chief Wife, His Beloved, and Mistress of the Two Lands.
Other epithets include: 'causing hearts to be joyful', 'Sovereign Lady exalted with the Two Feathers', 'soothing her Lord (or Horus, i.e. the King) with her voice'.  Her name includes the glyphs for Mut and speculation about her identity ranges from Mutemwia, to Mutnodjemet, to Mut-Tuya, to Nefertari-Merytmut. Aldred suggested this might be Mutnodjemet, Horemheb's Queen. He based his theory on the fact that the style of dress points to a post Amarna period Queen, which excludes Mutemwia. The titles and epithets are closer to those of the Amarna period and would then point to Mutnodjemet. There is no other evidence that Mutnodjemet served in the capacity of God's Wife. (See also Cyril Aldred: Two Monuments of the Reign of Horemheb, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 54. (Aug., 1968), pp. 100-106. )

Back of the statue of the God's Wife of Amun from the Temple of Hathor at Dendera (click on picture for larger image).
On the right the staue shown as it lies on the temple grounds. The ribbons of the sash are visible.
It appears as though the Queen was shown in a striding position.
(Photos courtesy of Sesen)

19th and 20th Dynasty


Sitre: She was the wife of Ramses I and the mother of Seti I. She may have been named Tia before her husband came to the throne (according to the 400 year stela.) Her titles include: God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), Great King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-niswt-wrt meryt.f), Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w-mhw)

(Mut-)Tuy: Wife of Seti I and mother of Ramesses II. Her title of God's Wife is mentioned on her Vatican Statue, blocks from Tanis, a statue from Medinet Habu (originally the Ramesseum), an inscription from the Ramesseum, and the inscriptions from the great temple of Abu Simbel. [Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, Vol II]

Nefertari-Merymut: Wife of Ramesses II. Nefertari may have been the de facto God's Wife. This theory is based on epithets in her tomb, on scarabs, on a fragment of a statue from Dendara (PM V, 115), her insignia, and the designation of the royal couple as incarnations on earth of the divine couple Amun(-Re) and Mut(-Hathor). Kichen mentions she is attested twice as God's wife in her tomb QV66. [Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, Vol II]

?Merytamun: Daughter-Wife of Ramesses II. She was the daughter of Nefertari-Merymut. Merytamun was "Superior of the Harem of Amun-Ra". It's not certain that she also served as God's Wife. There is an interesting vase at the Louvre belonging to a great royal wife Merytamen. The Louvre website identifies the lady as the daughter-wife of Ramesses II. Above the great royal wife title are some glyphs that see to identify the lady as a god's wife, or maybe sister of a god's wife? It's possible this vase belongs to a Queen Merytamun from the 18th dynasty instead. 
  Vase belonging to a Queen Merytamen. (Louvre N 465) - Found in Saqqara.

Tawosret: King’s Great Wife, Lady of the Two Lands, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, God’s Wife
Wife of Sety II, Regent for Siptah and later declared pharaoh in her own right.
Temple of Amada : Tawosret is depicted on one of the doorjambs and her titles are God’s Wife and Great King’s Wife. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 183]

Isis-Ta-Hemdjert: King’s Great Wife, King’s Mother, God’s Wife
Wife of Ramesses III and mother of Ramesses IV. Participated in the installation of her grand-daughter Iset as God’s Wife of Amun. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 192]

(Dua)Tentopet: Adoratrix, King’s Daughter, King’s Wife, King’s Mother.
Tentopet was the wife of Ramesses IV. Only seems to have been an adoratrix and never a God’s Wife. Buried in Queens valley tomb QV74. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 192]

Isis:  (Iset, Aset)
King’s Daughter, Adoratrix, God’s Wife of Amun
Daughter of Ramesses VI. Depicted as an adoratrix on a stela from Koptos. The title is incorporated into her cartouche on this monument, rendering her name as Duat-Netjer-Iset. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 190] Her installation as God’s Wife of Amun is mentioned on a block from Karnak. [Dodson-Hilton, image of inscription on pg 193


Tyti: King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, King’s Wife, King’s Mother, God’s Wife.
Possibly wife of Ramesses X. Buried in QV 52 in the Valley of the Queens [Dodson-Hilton]
 


21st dynasty and later


Maatkare (prenomen Mutemhat) King’s Daughter of his body, Adoratrix, God’s Wife of Amun.
Daughter of Pinudjem I and Queen Henuttawy. Mentioned as God’s Wife of Amun on the façade of the Khonsu temple in Karnak. Her mummy and funerary equipment were found in DB320. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 197, 206] This scene is also mentioned by Wente. He states that performs  "She performs alone in the presence of Amon-Re and Khonsu. In one case her titles are r-p't(t),w 'rt hsw't, hmt-ntr
n 'Imn m 'Ipt-sw't, s't-nsw n kt. f, nbt t'wy, Hereditary princess, great of favors, God's Wife of Amun in Karnak, king's bodily daughter, Lady of the Two Lands, and in the other hmt-ntrn 'Imn m 'Ipt-swt, s't-nsw n (ht.f), nbt t'wy, God's Wife of Amun in
Karnak, king's (bodily) daughter, Lady of the Two Lands." (On the Chronology of the Twenty-First Dynasty E. F. Wente
Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 26, No. 3. (Jul., 1967), pp. 155-176.)
Also known from a shabti from University College London - UC39863



Maatkare depicted on the pylon of the Khons temple.
From Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, pg 248
There's another depiction of Maatkare on Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, pg 249

Henuttawy: God’s Wife of Amun and Adoratrix.
Possibly a daughter of Pinudjem II and Isetemkheb. Her name is written with the adoratrix title In the cartouche as Duat-netjer-Henuttawy. Only known from several shabtis. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 205]


Henuttawy. from Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, pg 249

Karomama Meryetmut (prenomen: Sitamen Mutemhat): God’s Wife of Amun, Lady of the Two Lands, Adoratrix.
Possibly a daughter of Osorkon II. Karomama served as God’s Wife of Amun under Osorkon II and his successors. [Dodson-Hilton pg 217, 219-20]
Bronze statue of Karomama now in the Louvre (N500)
The statue depicts Karomama with a short Nubian style wig. A uraeus must have decorated the front of the wig, but was broken off. Her hands are held out in front of her and it looks as though they would have grasped something. She wears an elaborate dress which is made to resemble wings encircling her body. This statue was dedicated by her treasurer Ahentefnakhte. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 220]


The God's Wife Karomama (Jon Bodsworth)

Usurped statue from the 18th dynasty.
The statue depicts a priest holding a Naos. This statue was usurped by a 22nd dynasty priest and the scene changed to depict Karomama Meryetmut. Karomama shakes two sistra beore a seated statue of Amen-Re who is depicted with a Ram’s head and two double plumes. Karomama wears a long pleated dress. She wears a short Nubian style wig with a uraeus on her brow. Her modius is by a fairly large vulture whose outstretched wings seem to protect a crowned cobra. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 219]


? Tashakheper: The God’s Wife Tashakheper is mentioned in grafitto in the temple of Khonsu under Takelot III. She may be a daughter of Osorkon II. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 223] She may have served for only a very short time. A possible date would be ca. 770 BC [Kitchen]

Shepenwepet I (prenomen: Khnemet-ib-amun):

 

Shepenwepet, Khnemet-ib-Amun

Daughter of Osorkon III and Queen Karoatjet. Titles: King’s Daughter, Adoratrix, God’s Wife of Amun. Served as God’s Wife from the beginning of her father’s reign [Dodson-Hilton, pg 231].
Temple of Osiris Heqadjet (Karnak): The inner shrine shows the coronation of Osorkon III and Takelot III. Shepenwepet I is depicted being suckled by a goddess and being crowned (Morkot)

 

Two different depictions of Shepenwepet I from the Temple of Osiris Heqadjet from Karnak.
Line drawings after photographs from KMT Journal Article.


Amenirdis I (Prenomen: Khaneferumut):


Hieroglyphics spelling out the names of Amenirdis Khaneferumut.
Created by Jean Rijlant. For full titles and inscriptions see Amenirdis

King’s daughter (sat-nesw), God’s Adoratrix (dwat-netjer), God’s Hand (djeret-netjer), God’s Wife of Amun (hemet netjer-en-amun).
Daughter of Kashta and Queen Pebatjma, Sister of Shabaka and likely sister of Piye, Queen Khensa, Queen Peksater and princess Neferukakashta. (Dodson-Hilton, Pg 238)
Amenirdis was installed in Thebes as the heiress to Shepenwepet I by either Kashta (her father) or Piye. As heiress she would have been given the title of Adorer of the God (dwat-netjer). It is not known when Shepenwepet I died and Amenirdis became God’s Wife, but it may have been during the reign of Shabaqa. At that time Amenirdis had adopted her niece Shepenwepet II, daughter of Piye as her successor. Amenirdis died during the reign of Taharqa. She was succeeded by Shepenwepet II (Morkot)

  

Amenirdis before Amun; On the right: line drawing of Amenirdis.
(Photo by Alain Guilleux - for more detail and more pictures see: temple of Amenirdis)

Temple of Osiris Heqadjet (Karnak): Shebitqo (Shabataqa) and Amenirdis add a small court and a pylon to this temple. Amenirdis as shown with Shebitqo making offerings to Amun.
Wadi Hamamat: Inscriptions dated to year 12 of Shabaqo can be found and some also mention Amenirdis. [Dodson-Hilton]
Statue of Amenirdis from Karnak, now in the Cairo Museum (CM CG565):

Amenirdis is depicted wearing a tripartite wig, with a vulture headdress and three uraei on her brow. She wears a fairly simple sheet dress and carries a fly whisk in her left hand. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 235] See also: Alain Guilleux - page for wonderful full length image.

Burial: Funerary Chapel in Medinet Habu

 Amenirdis I (British Museum)
Statue of Amenirdis in the Aswan Museum.
Amenirdis is depicted with the vulture headdress, a modius and the double plumes combined with the horned sundisk.
The face of the statue is sadly damaged. This image is courtesy of Alain Guilleux. More detailed and full length images appear on his website (link)

From this time period we have:
TT37 - Harwa, Chief Steward of the God's Wife Amenardis I. Saite Period. (25th dyn) Parents: Pedemut (Scribe) and Estaweret.

Shepenwepet II (Prenomen: Henut-neferumut-iryetre):

 

Hieroglyphics spelling out the names of Shepenwepet Henut-neferumut-iryetre.
Created by Jean Rijlant. For more inscriptions see: Shepenwepet II

Daughter of Piye. She was a (half-)sister of King Taharqa, Queen Qalhata (wife of Shabaka) as well as sister to several of Taharqa’s wives. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 240] Served as God’s Wife from the reign of Taharqa until after year 9 of Psamtik I.
Sphinx of Shepenwepet II from the sacred lake at Karnak now in Berlin (7972):

Shepenwepet has the body of a lion, but she is depicted with human arms and hands which are stretched out and are holding a ram-headed jar. She wears what seems like a Hathor like wig.
Inscription at Wadi Gasus: Psamtik is shown offering to Amun-Min. Behind him stands his daughter the adoratrix Neithiqert, behind her stands the God’s Wife Shepenwepet (II). Shepenwepet has the titles God’s Wife and “her Mother” (hmt ntjr and mut-s). Above and to the right of this inscription are the cartouches of the God’s Wife Shepenwepet and the Adoratrix Amenirdis with the years 19 and 12 associated with them. These inscriptions seem to refer to Shepenwepet I and Amenirdis I. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 242]



Shepenwepet II, Alexandria Museum

From Wikimedia

See also base of statue from digitalegypt with inscription: Words spoken, O Osiris divine adoractrice Shepenwepet, true of voice, your sister Isis comes to you rejoicing through love of you when she sees you. When your steps approach (?) her, she protects you. You should not drown. She (gives) for you breath for your nostrils that you may live, the Osiris (...) Shepenwepet, true of voice, king's daughter of Piy.
Also in the collection are a shabti UC40089, A brick UC14843, and A cartouche UC 14742

Amenirdis II:


Name and title of Amenirdis II
Created by Jean Rijlant, from Amenirdis II

Daughter of Taharqa. Titles: King’s Daughter, Adoratrix, God’s Hand.
Adopted as heir by Shepenwepet II. Amenirdis II then adopted Neitiqret I as her own heir in year 9 of Psamtik I. At the death of Shepenwepet II, the title of God’s Wife passed over Amenirdis and the position went to Neitiqret. Amenirdis seems to have remained in office as Adoratrix. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 238]
Lintel from Karnak (Temple of Osiris Pedeankh?) (CM JE29254B)
From left to right we see:
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re.
The God’s hand Amenirdis (II) before Amen-Re and Mut:
Amenirdis is depicted with the vulture headdress and double plumes. She’s offering Maat to Amen-Re and Mut. She’s identified as God’s Hand Amenirdis, King’s daughter [..]djrt-ntjr (Imn-r-di-s)| sat nsw [..]
The God’s Wife Neithiqret before Amen-re and another god.
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 244]

A base of a statue UC14739 records the titles Divine Adoratrix and God's Wife for Amenirdis.
 
Dodson A, The problem of Amenirdis II and the heirs to the office of God's wife of Amun during the twenty-sixth dynasty, Journal of Egyptian archaeology, 2002, vol. 88, pp. 179-186



Facade of tombs mentioning Shepenwepet, Neitiqret and Psamtik.
For more detail see: Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, Page 270
For more images see: Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, Page 271 and Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, Page 272

Neitiqert (Nitokris) Shepenwepet III prenomen: Nebetneferumut

  

Neithiqret merymut, Neb(et)neferumut

Daughter of Psamtik I and Queen Mehytenweskhet

Lintel from Karnak (Temple of Osiris Pedeankh?) (CM JE29254B)
From left to right we see:
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re.
The God’s hand Amenirdis (II) before Amen-Re and Mut:
The God’s Wife Neithiqret before Amen-re and another god.
Neithiqret wears the vulture headdress and double plumes. She is offering Maat to the Gods.  She’s identified as God’s Wife Neithiqret, King’s Daughter (of) Psamtik (I).
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re.
[Dodson-Hilton, pg 244]

A shabti
This object can be found in the collection of University College London, UC38078

Temple lintel (from Karnak ?)
The lintel shows Necho II, Nitocris I, and Pedehorresnet (c.f. TT196) before several gods and goddesses
Cairo, Egyptian Museum, Temp. No. 28.5.25.4.  (This scene seems to date to the time of Necho II) (Topological bibliography - Reliefs and Paintings by Malek)

A lintel (from a temple ?)
The inscription shows cartouches of Nitocris I (daughter of Psamtik I) and Shepenwepet II, God’s wife. Dated to the time of Psamtik I (London, Charles Ede Ltd) (Topological bibliography - Reliefs and Paintings by Malek)

Temple relief
Two Nile gods are shown carrying trays with offerings The inscriptions include cartouches of Nitocris I  (now in the Robert McDougall Art Gallery.) (Topological bibliography - Reliefs and Paintings by Malek)





Nitocris/Shepenwepet before Amun in TT279 - the tomb of Pabes
(Photo by Alain Guilleux - for more info see Pabes page)
From this time period we have:
TT36 - Ibi: Chief steward of the Divine Adoratrix (likely Nitocris), Late Period temple-tomb Temp. Psametik I.
Parents: Ankh-hor (Divine Father) and De-ubasteiri; Wife: Shepenernute. Sons: Pedehor[resnet] and Pedepeneferenirtef. Nitocris and Shepenwepet are mentioned in the tomb.
TT 279 - Pabes, Chief steward of the god's wife, Temp. Psametik I. Parents: Pedubaste (Divine father, beloved of the god) and Tasentenhor. Son: Tahorpakhepesh  Nitocris is mentioned in the Tomb.

Shepenwepet IV
Possibly a daughter of King Nekau II and Queen Khedeb-neith-hirbinet. Served as God’s Adoratix.
Lintel from Karnak (Temple of Osiris Pedeankh?) (CM JE29254B)
From left to right we see:
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re.
Shepenwepet is shown shaking two sistra before Amen-Ra. She’s shown with the High Steward of the Adoratrix Pedihorresnet. Shepenwepet wears the vulture headdress and double plumes.
The God’s hand Amenirdis (II) before Amen-Re and Mut:
The God’s Wife Neithiqret before Amen-re and another god.
The Adoratrix Shepenwepet (IV) before Amen-Re.
[Dodson-Hilton, pg 244]

Ankhenesneferibre (Prenomen: Hekaneferumerymut):


  
Ankhnesneferibre Hekaneferu-merymut

Daughter of Psamtik II and Queen Takhuit. Titles: King’s Daughter of his Body, Great of Sceptre, God’s Wife of Amun, High Priest(ess) of Amun.

   

Ankhnesneferibre as depicted in Karnak.
For the image on the left and more see: Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, Page 273
For the image on the right and more see: Lepsius, Abt III, Band 8, Page 274

Adopted by Neitiqret as recorded on a stela in Karnak. Became God’s Wife of Amun in year 4 of the reign of her brother Wahibre. After her father’s accession she was given the title of High Priest of Amun. The post of High Priest seems to have been vacant after Harkhebi served in that role during the reign of Psamtik I. [Dodson-Hilton]



On the left we see Psamtik before Amun and Mut.
On the right Ankhnesneferibre (followed by the steward Seshonq) stands before Amun and Khons.
The Adoption Stela, from: Leahy A., The adoption of Ankhnesneferibre at Karnak

Sarcophagus Lid now in the British Museum (BM EA32)


The black basalt lid shows the God’s wife carrying a crook and flail. She wears a beautiful pleated robe and wears the vulture headdress topped with the double plumes as well as the horned sun-disk. [Dodson-Hilton, pg 245]
Statue of Ankhnesneferibre from Karnak, now in the Nubian Museum)
Ankhnesneferibre is depicted with a short Nubian style wig. She has one uraeus on her brow. The wig is topped with a uraeus encircled modius which in turn is topped by double plumes in combination with the horned sundisk.

Statue of Bastet with the name and title of Ankhnesneferibre - UC36443

Leahy A., The adoption of Ankhnesneferibre at Karnak, Journal of Egyptian archaeology, 1996, vol. 82, pp. 145-165

From this time period we have:
TT 197 - Pedeneith, Chief steward of the God's Wife of Amun, the Divine Adoratrix Ankhnesneferibre, Temp. Psametik II Parents: Psammethek and Tadehubaste
TT 242 - Wahibra, Chamberlain of the god's wife of Amun Ankhnesneferibra, Late Period - Saite
Parents: Pedeamunnai and Mutardais;   Wife: Tadepanehep. Sons: Psammethek (Chamberlain to the God's Wife) and Pedehorresnet called Harpemai.
TT 27 - Sheshonq, high steward of the divine adoratrix Anknesneferibre, Temp. Apries and Amasis. Parents: Harsiesi (Chamberlain of the divine adoratrix) and Tahibet.There is mention in the tomb of a son named Harsiesi, chamberlain of the divine adoratrix, Head of the secrets of the God's Wife Nitocris in the House of Purification.

Nitokris II: Daughter of Ahmose II and Ankhenesneferibre’s intended successor. Probably never served due to the Persian invasion.


Info comes from:
1. Dodson and Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004
2. Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliograpy of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings: The Theban Necropolis, Part One: Private Tombs. Second Edition. Griffith Institute. Oxford. 1994
3. Schmidt, Heike C., Ein Fall von Amtsanmassung? Die Gottesgemahlin Nefertari-Meritenmut, GM 140 (1994), 81-92.

السبت، 23 يناير 2016

المراجع المستخدمة عن معابد الكرنك (Bibliographie provisoire des temples de Karnak (1802-2010

المراجع المستخدمة عن معابد الكرنك 

 Bibliographie provisoire des temples de Karnak  1802-2010

 

 civilisation pharaonique 3 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ABD EL-HAMID Sayed,
— « Aménophis IV-Akhenaton à Karnak », HistArch 61, 1982, p. 70-73.
ABD EL-HAMID Sayed,
— « Une nouvelle statue thébaine d’Aba », Karnak 7, 1982, p. 367-375.
ABD EL-HAMID Sayed,
— « Discovery of a New Foundation Deposit of Thutmosis III at the East of Karnak. A Preliminary
Report (With an Annex about a Stela of Pareemheb) », Karnak 8, 1987, p. 41-50.
ABD EL-HAMID Sayed, GOLVIN Jean-claude,
— « Les travaux du Centre Franco-Égyptien d’Étude et de Restauration des Temples de Karnak de 1981 à
1986. I. Fouilles et études effectuées sur le site. II. Activités des chercheurs et des laboratoires.
III. Information — diffusion — activités culturelles. IV. Le sens de l’évolution constatée et
l’avenir du Centre », Asae 72, 1993, p. 3-23.
ABD EL-MOTLEB Farag,
— « Le démontage et la reconstruction du IXe pylône », HistArch 61, 1982, p. 92-95.
ABD EL-RAZIK Mahmud,
— « Study on Nectanebo Ist in Luxor Temple and Karnak », MDAIK 23, 1968, p. 156-159.
ABD EL-RAZIQ Mahmoud,
— « Der Tempel von Ptah in Karnak », Asae 76, 2001, p. 99-106.
ABD EL-RAZIQ Mahmoud,
— « Ein Opferlied an Hathor im Ptahtempel zu Karnak », Memnonia 19, 2008, p. 115-121.
ABD ER-RAZIQ Mahmud,
— « Eine Stele Nektanebos I. », MDAIK 34, 1978, p. 111-115.
ABD-UR-RAÎMAN MoÌammad Îasan,
— « The Four-Feathered Crown of Akhenaten », Asae 56, 1959, p. 247-249.
ABDALAAL Aisha M.,
— « The Statue of Nesptah Son of Mentuemhat », Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan, edited by Khaled
Daoud, Shafia Bedier, Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, Volume 1, SASAE 34/1, 2005, p. 19-24.
ABDALLAH Abou el-Naga,
— « Rapport sur les travaux de Karnak (1940-1941). I. — Portique de Sheshonq. II. — Restauration
des colonnes de la salle hypostyle », Asae 40, 1940, p. 975-981.
ABDALLAH Abou el-Naga,
— « Rapport sur les travaux de Karnak et de la Haute-Égypte (1941-1942). I. — Colonnade sud de
la première cour. II. — Colonnes de Taharqa. III. — Fondations des colonnes de la Salle
Hypostyle », Asae 41, 1942, p. 357-366.
ABDEL AZIZ Sabri, SOLIMAN Ibrahim, ABDEL GELIL Hamdi, BADRI Abdel Satar, AMMAR
Amin,
— « Le temps des fouilles archéologiques. 1. Karnak, de la Description de l’Égypte aux premières
fouilles officiels di XIXème siècle : Auguste Mariette et Gaston Maspero. 2. La création d’une
Direction des travaux à Karnak : Georges Legrain. 3. De 1954 à 1966, une période de transition
», dans G. Zaki (dir.), Le Domaine d’Amon-Rê. 40 ans de coopération franco-égyptienne à
Karnak, Centre Franco-Égyptien d’Étude des Temples de Karnak, Louqsor, 2007, p. 42-53.
ABDEL RAZK Mahmud,
— « Stelen beim 4. Pylon in Ptahtempel in Karnak », dans Eighth International Congress of Egyptologists.
Cairo, 28 March — 3 April 2000. Abstracts of Papers. Edited by Zahi Hawass and Angela Milward
Jones, International Association of Egyptologists, The American University in Cairo Press,
Le Caire, 2000, p. 17.
ABDELRAHEIM Mohamed,
— « Ein Spätzeitwürfelhocker aus dem Ägyptischen Museum in Kairo (JE 38011) », GM 192, 2003,
p. 15-18.
ABDER-RAZIQ Mahmud,
— « Funde aus Abu el-Gud (Karnak) », Asae 70, 1985, p. 9-11.
ABDER-RAZIQ Mahmud,
— « Die Granitstatue des Ramsesnacht aus Hod Abu el-Gud (Karnak) », Asae 70, 1985, p. 13-17.

civilisation pharaonique 4 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ABNEY William de Wiveleslie,
— Thebes and its Five Greater Temples. Illustrated with forty large permanent photographs by the author
and descriptive text, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, Londres, 1876.
ABOU SEIF Hakim Effendi,
— « Une petite trouvaille à Karnak de modèles de sculpture », Asae 21, 1921, p. 214-221.
ADAM Pierre,
— « La montée des eaux menace plusieurs temples égyptiens », Science & Vie 1021, 2002, p. 44.
ADAM Shehata, EL-SHABOURY Farid,
— « Report on the Work of Karnak during the Seasons 1954-55 and 1955-56. I. — Rebuilding of the
IInd Pylon. II. — Soundings in the Entrance of the IInd Pylon. III. — The VIIth Pylon and
the Cour de la Cachette. IV. — Restoration of the Kamose Stela and the Statue of King
Pinozem I (?). V. — The IIIrd Pylon. VI. — Clearance around the Sacred Lake. VII. Various
Works », Asae 56, 1959, p. 35-52.
AFFARA Manal,
— « A Saite Statue in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo (JE 37389) », DiscEg 62, 2005, p. 5-18.
AIMÉ-GIRON Noël,
— « Sur des graffiti grecs découverts à Karnak par M. Pillet », Asae 23, 1923, p. 139-142.
AKSAMIT Joanna,
— « L’Akh-menou de Thoutmosis III à Karnak. Étude architecturale. By J.-F. Carlotti. Centre FrancoÉgyptien
d’Étude des Temples de Karnak. 2 volumes. I. Text : Pp. 295, illus., plans. II. Plates.
Paris, Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 2001. ISBN 2 86538 279 6. Price not stated »,
JEA 90 (Reviews Supplement), 2005, p. 37-39.
AKSAMIT Joanna,
— « Monuments décorés en bas reliefs aux noms de Thoutmosis II et Hatchepsout à Karnak : Texte et
planches. By Luc Gabolde. Mémoire publiés par les membres de l’Ifao 123. Pp vii + 263, 44
pls. Cairo, Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 2005. ISBN 2 7247 0455 3. Price € 60 »,
JEA 94, 2008, p. 314-317.
AL-AYEDI Abdul Rahman,
— The Liberation War. The Expulsion of the Hyksos from Egypt, Obelisk Publications, Ismaïlia, 2007.
ALBOUY Marc,
— « Le mécénat technologique et scientifique au service de l’archéologie », DossArch 153, 1990, p. 2-7.
ALBOUY Marc,
— Du Titanic à Karnak. L’aventure du mécénat technologique, Dunod, Paris, 1994.
ALBOUY Marc,
— « La reconstitution informatique des temples égyptiens », dans Du Titanic à Karnak. L’aventure du
mécénat technologique, Dunod, Paris, 1994, p. 91-105.
ALBOUY Marc,
— « Le puzzle d’Akhenaton », dans Du Titanic à Karnak. L’aventure du mécénat technologique, Dunod,
Paris, 1994, p. 105-132.
ALBOUY Marc,
— « Le mécénat technologique et scientifique au service de l’archéologie », dans L’Égyptologie et les
Champollion. Recueil d’études publié par Michel Dewachter et Alain Fouchard à l’occasion du
Colloque international célébrant le bicentenaire de la naissance de Jean-François Champollion “De
l’Égypte des Pharaons à celle de 1990, Hommage de Grenoble aux frères Champollion” (Université
Pierre Mendès-France, Grenoble 2, 29 novembre — 1er décembre 1990), Presses Universitaires de
Grenoble, Grenoble, 1994, p. 257-266.
ALBOUY Marc,
— « Le mécénat technologique et scientifique d’EDF en Égypte », dans Égyptologie : le rêve et la science.
Exposition. Paris, 22 janvier — 26 avril 1998. Fondation Électricité de France, espace Electra,
Fondation Électricité de France, Paris, 1998, p. 65-69.
ALBOUY Marc, BOCCON-GIBOD Henri, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
MARTINEZ Philippe,
— Karnak. Le temple d’Amon restitué par l’ordinateur, L’Oeil de la Science, M.A. Éditions, Paris, 1989.

 civilisation pharaonique 5 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ALBOUY Marc, BOCCON-GIBOD Henri, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
MARTINEZ Philippe,
— Karnak. Le temple d’Amon restitué par l’ordinateur, Solar, Paris, 1991.
ALBOUY Marc, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
— « Karnak au fil des siècles », dans M. Albouy, H. Boccon-Gibod, J.-Cl. Golvin, J.-Cl. Goyon, Ph.
Martinez, Karnak. Le temple d’Amon restitué par l’ordinateur, M.A. Éditions, Paris, 1989,
p. 50-91.
ALDRED Cyril,
— Akhenaten, King of Egypt, Thames and Hudson Ltd, Londres, 1988.
ALDRED Cyril,
— « The Karnak Talatat », dans Akhenaten, King of Egypt, Thames and Hudson Ltd, Londres, 1988,
p. 69-85.
ALDRED Cyril, BARGUET Paul, DESROCHES-NOBLECOURT Christiane, LECLANT Jean,
MÜLLER Hans Wolfgang,
— Le monde égyptien. Les pharaons. L’Empire des Conquérants. L’Égypte au Nouvel Empire (1560-1070).
L’Univers des Formes, Éditions Gallimard, Paris, 1979.
ALDRED Cyril, DAUMAS François, DESROCHES-NOBLECOURT Christiane, LECLANT Jean,
— Le monde égyptien. Les pharaons. L’Égypte du crépuscule. De Tanis à Méroé 1070 av. J.-C. - IVe siècle
apr. J.-C., L’Univers des formes, Éditions Gallimard, Paris, 1980.
ALLAM Schafik,
— « Le Ìm-k “était-il exclusivement prêtre funéraire ? », RdE 36, 1985, p. 1-15.
ALLAM Shafik,
— « De l’adoption en Égypte pharaonique », OrAnt 11, 1972, p. 277-295.
ALLAM Shafik,
— « L’Administration locale à la lumière du décret du roi Horemheb », JEA 72, 1986, p. 194-195.
ALLIOT Maurice,
— « Les rites de la chasse au filet, aux temples de Karnak, d’Edfou et d’Esneh », RdE 5, 1946, p. 57-118.
ALTENMÜLLER Brigitte,
— « Amunbarke », LÄ 1, 1973, p. 248-251.
ALTENMÜLLER Hartwig,
— « Das “Fest des Weissen Nilpferds” und das “Opfergefilde” », Hommages à Jean Leclant. Volume 1.
Études pharaoniques. Contributions réunies par Catherine Berger, Gisèle Clerc et Nicolas Grimal,
BdE 106/1, 1994, p. 29-44.
ALTHOFF Eva Barbara,
— Kronen und Kopfputz von Königsfrauen im Neuen Reich, HÄB 49, 2009.
AMER Amin A.M.A,
— « Notes on Ramses IX in Memphis and Karnak », GM 57, 1982, p. 11-16.
AMER Amin A.M.A.,
— « Reflections on the Reign of Ramesses VI », JEA 71, 1985, p. 66-70.
AMER Amin A.M.A.,
— The Gateway of Ramesses IX in the Temple of Amun at Karnak, Aris & Phillips Ltd, Warminster, 1999.
AMPÈRE Jean Jacques,
— Voyage en Égypte et en Nubie, Michel Lévy Frères, Libraires Éditeurs, Paris, 1868.
ANDREU Guillemette,
— « Le policier (s©‡“). À propos de quelques talâtât du IXe pylône de Karnak », Bifao 87, 1987, p. 1-20.
ANDREU Guillemette,
— « Les sites », dans Égyptologie : le rêve et la science. Exposition. Paris, 22 janvier — 26 avril 1998.
Fondation Électricité de France, espace Electra, Fondation Électricité de France, Paris, 1998,
p. 44-63.
ANDREU Guillemette,
— « Karnak », dans Objets d’Égypte. Des rives du Nil aux bords de Seine, Musée du Louvre, Le Passage,
Paris, 2009, p. 123-137.

civilisation pharaonique 6 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ANGENOT Valérie,
— « Le rôle de la parallaxe dans l’iconographie d’Akhenaton », Bsfe 171, 2008, p. 28-50.
ANGIOLETTI G. B., BIGONGIARI Piero, BIGONGIARI Elena,
— Testimone in Egitto, Edizioni d’Arte Il Fiorino, Florence, 1958.
Anonyme,
— « Augrabungen und Forschungreisen. Gize. Theben. Karnak. Syrien und Mesopotamien. Sichem.
Tell en-Nasbet. Kleinasien. Kreta », AOF 3, 1926, p. 134-136.
Anonyme,
— « Karnak-Nord. — Institut français d’Archéologie orientale. 1950 », CdE 25/49-50, 1950, p. 240-245.
Anonyme,
— « Karnak-Nord. — Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire. 1950-1951 », CdE
26/51-52, 1951, p. 280-287.
Anonyme,
— « M. Varille, directeur adjoint des fouilles de Karnak, se tue dans un accident d’auto », CHE 4,
1952, p. 161.
Anonyme,
— « Égypte ancienne, Karnak, l’odyssée du temps », Historia Spécial 9612, 1996, p. 51-56.
Anonyme,
— « Intimate Karnak : Images from the Blocks Fields », KMT 8/3, 1997, p. 64-67.
Anonyme,
— « L’ENSG au temple du soleil », IGN Magazine 49, 2008, p. 16-17.
Anonyme (V.),
— « La restauration du temple de Karnak », L’illustration 2916, 1899, p. 23-24.
Anonyme (V.),
— « La restauration du temple de Karnak (suite) », L’illustration 2917, 1899, p. 40-41.
ANUS Pierre,
— « Un domaine thébain d’époque “amarnienne”. Sur quelques blocs de remploi trouvés à Karnak »,
Bifao 69, 1971, p. 69-88.
ANUS Pierre, SA’AD Ramadan,
— « Fouille aux abords de l’enceinte occidentale à Karnak. I. — Une nouvelle porte. II. — Constructions
voisines du temple d’Opet. III. — Le mur d’enceinte occidental. IV. — Le village ancien »,
Kêmi 19, 1969, p. 219-239.
ANUS Pierre, SA’AD Ramadan,
— « Habitations de prêtres dans le temple d’Amon de Karnak », Kêmi 21, 1971, p. 217-238.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Le projet documentaire des sites de Karnak (collecte d’archives concernant les temples de Karnak) »,
DiscEg 56, 2003, p. 9-10.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Le DVD de la salle hypostyle de Karnak et ses aspects documentaires », Égypte 29, 2003, p. 73-79.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Bibliographie des travaux de Daniel Le Fur à Karnak », Karnak 11, 2003, p. 133-135.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Sommaire et index des auteurs des Cahiers de Karnak I à X », Karnak 11, 2003, p. 137-157.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Creating an Archive for the Karnak Temples », EgArch 25, 2004, p. 21-24.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Correction à Luc Gabolde, Hicham Ahmed Fahid, “A Door Jamb with Proscynema to Amun-Re-
Horakhty and Montu (95 CL 381)”, GM 196, 2003, p. 19-22 », GM 199, 2004, p. 111.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Les archives de Karnak », Archéologia (P) 423, 2005, p. 34-42.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Bibliographie des travaux de Jean Lauffray à Karnak », Cahiers de Karnak XII, fascicule 1, Études
d’égyptologie 8, BiGen 28/1, 2007, p. 61-64.

civilisation pharaonique 7 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « La base de données “Karnak”. Système d’information multimédia du Cfeetk », Cahiers de Karnak
XII, Études d’égyptologie 8, BiGen 28/1, 2007, p. 65-78.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « Les archives Georges Legrain à Karnak. I. Georges Legrain à Karnak. II. L’importance documentaire
de l’ouvrage de Michel Azim et Gérard Réveillac. III. Les documents conservés au Cfeetk »,
BiOr 64, 2007, p. 511-526.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain,
— « 9. Indices et tables du volume I », dans Fr. Burgos, Fr. Larché, La chapelle Rouge. Le sanctuaire
de barque d’Hatshepsout. Volume II, Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, Paris, 2008,
p. 155-188.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain, CHÉNÉ Antoine,
— Les parois de la salle hypostyle de Karnak [dévédérom], EdE 2, 2003.
ARNAUDIÈS Alain, LAROZE Emmanuel,
— « Localisation des interventions archéologiques dans le temple de Karnak, 1967-2004 », Cahiers de
Karnak XII, fascicule 1, Études d’égyptologie 8, BiGen 28/1, 2007, p. 91-103.
ARNAUDIÈS-MONTÉLIMARD Emmanuelle,
— « Un reposoir de barque en calcite édifié par Thoutmosis III dans le temple d’Amon-Rê à Karnak.
I. Présentation des fragments. II. Éléments architecturaux. III. Les éléments iconographiques
et épigraphiques. IV. Les transformations du reposoir de Thoutmosis III », Karnak 11, 2003,
p. 159-217.
ARNAUDIÈS-MONTÉLIMARD Emmanuelle,
— « L’arche en granit de Thoutmosis III et l’avant-porte du VIe pylône », Cahiers de Karnak XII, fascicule
1, Études d’égyptologie 8, BiGen 28/1, 2007, p. 107-159.
ARNAUT Robert,
— « Les fils de Thot », dans L’arbre à deux branches. La grande aventure du CNRS, Presses de la Cité,
CNRS, France-Inter, Paris, 1979, p. 221-248.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Architrav », LÄ 1, 1973, p. 420-422.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Tempelarchitektur », LÄ 6, 1985, p. 359-363.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— Die Tempel Ägyptens. Götterwohnungen, Kultstätten, Baudenkmäler, Artemis & Winkler, Zurich, 1992.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Le trésor de Thoutmosis Ier. La Décoration. By Helen Jacquet-Gordon, Karnak-Nord VI. Fouilles
de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale XXXII/1-2. Cairo, 1988. Pp. vi, 301, with 34
figures (Fascicule I) ; and Pp. xi with 64 plates (Fascicule II) », JARCE 29, 1992, p. 214-215.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Karnak », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich, 1994, p. 122.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Opet-Tempel (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag,
Zurich, 1994, p. 180.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Aton-Bezirk (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich,
1994, p. 30.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich, 1994.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Achmenu », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich, 1994,
p. 13-14.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Amun-Bezirk (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich, 1994, p. 23-25.

civilisation pharaonique 8 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Chons-Tempel (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag,
Zurich, 1994, p. 54-55.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Month-Bezirk (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag,
Zurich, 1994, p. 165-166.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Mut-Bezirk (Karnak) », dans Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Artemis & Winkler Verlag, Zurich,
1994, p. 167-168.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— Temples of the Last Pharaohs, Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, 1999.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— Lexikon der ägyptischen Baukunst, Albatros Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2000.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Akoris, Chapel of », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American University
in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 7.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Akhmenu », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American University in
Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 6.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Month Precinct (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 154.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Karnak », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American University in
Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 120.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American University in Cairo Press, Le Caire,
2003.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Amun Precinct (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 17-18.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Aten Precinct (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 23-24.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Khonsu Temple of (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 124-125.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Mut Precinct (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 156-157.
ARNOLD Dieter,
— « Opet Temple (Karnak) », dans The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, The American
University in Cairo Press, Le Caire, 2003, p. 166-167.
ARTIN PACHA Yacoub, MASPERO Gaston, INNES BEY Walter,
— « Séance du 7 novembre 1904 [sur la favissa de Karnak] », BIE 5/4e série, année 1904, 1905, p. 99-108.
ASSAAD Fawzia,
— « Fouilles à Karnak », dans Pharaons hérétiques, Hatshepsout, Akhenaton, Nefertiti, Librairie orientaliste
Paul Geuthner S.A., Paris, 2007, p. 37-62.
ASSMANN Jan,
— Der König als Sonnenpriester. Ein kosmographischer Begleittext zur kultischen Sonnenhymnik in thebanischen
Tempeln und Gräbern, ADAIK 7, 1970.
ASSMANN Jan,
— « Atonheiligtümer », LÄ 1, 1973, p. 541-549.

civilisation pharaonique 9 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
ASTON David A.,
— « Takeloth II, a King of the Herakleopolitan/Theban Twenty-Third Dynasty Revisited : The
Chronology of Dynasties 22 and 23 », The Libyan Period in Egypt. Historical and Cultural
Studies into the 21st-24th Dynasties : Proceedings of a Conference at Leiden University, 25-27
October 2007. G.P.F. Broekman, R.J. Demarée, O.E. Kaper (eds.), EgUit 23, 2009, p. 1-28.
ASTOUR Michael C.,
— « Place-Names from the Kingdom of Alala≈ in the North Syrian List of Thutmose III : A Study in
Historical Topography », JNES 22, 1963, p. 220-241.
ATIYA Farid,
— « Karnak, the Great Temple of Amun », dans Ancient Egypt, Farid Atiya Press, Le Caire, 2006,
p. 138-143.
AUFRÈRE Sydney,
— « Relief du sanctuaire de l’est à Karnak », L’univers minéral dans la pensée égyptienne, volume 1. Le
monde des déserts, des mines et des carrières. L’offrande des métaux et des pierres et le remplissage
de l’OEil-Oudjat. Les divinités de l’univers minéral dans la mentalité et la religion des anciens
égyptiens, BdE 105/1, 1991, p. 307-309.
AUFRÈRE Sydney,
— « Le Moyen Empire », dans Chr. Ziegler (dir.), Les Pharaons, Bompiani Arte, Milan, 2002, p. 40-51.
AUFRÈRE Sydney H., GOLVIN Jean-Claude,
— Le propylône d’Amon-Rê-Montou à Karnak-Nord, MIfao 117, 2000.
AUFRÈRE Sydney, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
— L’Égypte restituée. Tome 1. Sites et temples de Haute-Égypte. De l’apogée de la civilisation pharaonique
à l’époque gréco-romaine, Éditions Errance, Paris, 1994.
AUFRÈRE Sydney, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
— L’Égypte restituée. Tome 1. Sites et temples de Haute-Égypte. De l’apogée de la civilisation pharaonique
à l’époque gréco-romaine (2e édition), Éditions Errance, Paris, 1997.
AUFRÈRE Sydney, GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GOYON Jean-Claude,
— « Chapitre V : Thèbes orientale, capitale politique et religieuse », dans L’Égypte restituée. Tome 1. Sites
et temples de Haute-Égypte. De l’apogée de la civilisation pharaonique à l’époque gréco-romaine
(2e édition), Éditions Errance, Paris, 1997, p. 77-147.
AYAD Mariam Fahmy,
— « The Transition from Libyan to Nubian Rule : The Role of the God’s Wife of Amun », The Libyan
Period in Egypt. Historical and Cultural Studies into the 21st-24th Dynasties : Proceedings of a
Conference at Leiden University, 25-27 October 2007. G.P.F. Broekman, R.J. Demarée, O.E.
Kaper (eds.), EgUit 23, 2009, p. 29-49.
AZIM Michel,
— « § 11 ter. — Karnak (Fouilles du Centre Franco-Égyptien d’Étude des Temples de Karnak 1974-
75) », BCE 1, 1975, p. 7.
AZIM Michel,
— « § 13. — Karnak. Cour du Xe pylône (Fouilles du Centre Franco-Égyptien, 1975-1976) », BCE 2,
1977, p. 7-8.
AZIM Michel,
— « La fouille de la cour du VIIIe pylône », Karnak 6, 1980, p. 91-127.
AZIM Michel,
— « La fouille de la cour du Xe pylône, rapport préliminaire. I. — Les monuments bordant la cour.
II. — La fouille de la cour du Xe pylône. », Karnak 6, 1980, p. 153-165.
AZIM Michel,
— « Découverte et sauvegarde des blocs de Sésostris Ier extraits du IXe pylône de Karnak », Prospection
et sauvegarde des antiquités de l’Égypte. Actes de la table ronde organisée à l’occasion du centenaire
de l’Ifao, 8-12 janvier 1981 édités par Nicolas-Christophe Grimal, BdE 88, 1981, p. 49-56.
AZIM Michel,
— « Un pylône d’Horemheb à Karnak », HistArch 61, 1982, p. 60-69.

civilisation pharaonique 10 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
AZIM Michel,
— « Les travaux au IXe pylône de Karnak en 1978-1980 », Karnak 7, 1982, p. 19-65.
AZIM Michel,
— « Découverte de dépôts de fondation d’Horemheb au IXe pylône de Karnak. A. Les circonstances
de la découverte et la position des dépôts. B. Le contenu des dépôts de fondation.
C. Conclusions », Karnak 7, 1982, p. 93-120.
AZIM Michel,
— « La structure des pylônes d’Horemheb à Karnak », Karnak 7, 1982, p. 127-166.
AZIM Michel,
— « § 8. — Temple de Karnak (Centre Franco-Égyptien) », BCE 9, 1984, p. 16-17.
AZIM Michel,
— « À propos du pylône du temple d’Opet à Karnak. I. Le contexte architectural. II. Le destin du parvis
et les premiers travaux au temple d’Opet. III. Les travaux de 1982. IV. Description du pylône.
La datation du pylône. VI. L’évolution du parvis du temple », Karnak 8, 1987, p. 51-80.
AZIM Michel,
— « Karnak et sa topographie. I. Le nouveau plan topographique de Karnak. II. L’historique des plans
anciens de Karnak. III. La nouvelle nomenclature des salles, espaces et structures du temple
d’Amon-Rê », GM 113, 1989, p. 33-46.
AZIM Michel,
— « Pourquoi le pylône du Ramesseum s’est-il effondré ? », Memnonia 6, 1995, p. 55-70.
AZIM Michel,
— Inventaire de la collection M. Pillet (Archives égyptologiques de Maurice Pillet), Collège de France,
Centre de Recherches Archéologiques, Valbonne, 1999.
AZIM Michel,
— « L’architecture des pylônes pharaoniques », Comment construisaient les Égyptiens, DossArch 265,
2001, p. 92-101.
AZIM Michel,
— « Un monument de Karnak oublié : la porte centrale de la Ouadjyt », RdE 52, 2001, p. 7-20.
AZIM Michel,
— « Les premiers archéologues-photographes à Karnak, 1895-1925 : Georges Legrain et Maurice Pillet »,
dans Parallèles photographiques. Regards sur les sites de l’Égypte antique. Georges Legrain,
Maurice Pillet, Éric Bourret, Direction des musées, ville d’Antibes, Antibes, 2004, p. 7-23.
AZIM Michel,
— « 1860, une année sombre pour les monuments de Karnak », Hommages à Jean-Claude Goyon offerts
pour son 70e anniversaire. Textes réunis et édités par Luc Gabolde, BdE 143, 2008, p. 39-54.
AZIM Michel, BJARNASON Fridrik, DELEUZE Patrick, DEXYL Patrick, ÉMONET Alain,
GOLVIN Jean-Claude, GUTHMANN Christian, KURZ Marcel, LE SAOUT Françoise,
— Karnak et sa topographie. Volume 1. Les relevés modernes du temple d’Amon-Rê 1967-1984, Monographie
du CRA 19, 1998.
AZIM Michel, GOLVIN Jean-Claude,
— « Les obélisques de Karnak. Un présent d’Amon au monde romain », HistArch 61, 1982, p. 78-87.
AZIM Michel, GOLVIN Jean-Claude,
— « Étude technique de l’abattage de l’obélisque ouest du VIIe pylône de Karnak », Karnak 7, 1982,
p. 167-180.
AZIM Michel, GOLVIN Jean-Claude,
— « Annexe N° 3. Historique du transport des obélisques de Karnak », Karnak 7, 1982, p. 209-211.
AZIM Michel, REVEILLAC Gérard,
— Karnak dans l’objectif de Georges Legrain. Catalogue raisonné des archives photographiques du premier
directeur des travaux de Karnak de 1895 à 1917. Volume I : Texte, volume II : Planches, CRAMonographies,
CNRS Éditions, Paris, 2004.

civilisation pharaonique 11 bibliographie de Karnak 2010
AZIM Michel, RONDOT Vincent,
— « Note archéologique et épigraphique sur les architraves de la grande salle hypostyle du temple
d’Amon-Rê à Karnak », Causing His Name to Live. Studies in Egyptian Epigraphy and History
in Memory of William J. Murnane. Edited by Peter J. Brand and Louise Cooper, CHANE 37,
2009, p. 21-28.
AZIM Michel, TRAUNECKER Claude,
— « Un mât du IXe pylône au nom d’Horemheb. A. Historique de la découverte. B. Les mâts de
pylône de Karnak d’après les documents. C. L’embout de base du mât ouest du IXe pylône »,
Karnak 7, 1982, p. 75-92.
AZZAM Laila M.,
— « The Statue of Amenirdis Citizen of Ihnasya », dans Egyptian Museum Collections around the World.
Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo edited by Mamdouh Eldamaty and
Mai Trad, Volume One, Supreme Council of Antiquities, American University in Cairo Press,
Le Caire, 2002, p. 61-73.
AZZAM Laila M.,
— « The Statue of Amenirdis Citizen of Ihnasya », DiscEg 60, 2004, p. 27-37.
BADAWY Alexander,
— A History of Egyptian Architecture. The Empire (the New Kingdom). From the Eighteenth Dynasty
to the End of the Twentieth Dynasty 1580-1085 B.C., University of California Press, Berkeley,
Los Angeles, 1968.
BAEDEKER Karl,
— Baedeker’s Egypt. Egypt and the Sûdân. Handbook for Travellers. Eight Revised Édition, Karl Baedeker,
Publisher, Londres, New York, 1929.
BAIKIE James,
— The Story of the Pharaohs. Second Édition, A. & C. Black, Ltd., Londres, 1917.
BAIKIE James,
— The Story of the Pharaohs. Third Édition, Revised and Enlarged, A. & C. Black Ltd, Londres, 1926.
BAIKIE James,
— « Chapter XIX. Karnak and its Temples », dans Egyptian Antiquities in the Nile Valley. A Descriptive
Handbook, Methuen & Co. Ltd, Londres, 1932, p. 366-403.
BAILEY Emoke,
— « Circumcision in Ancient Egypt », BACE 7, 1996, p. 15-28.
BAILLET Auguste,
— « Le temple d’Apet à Carnac. I. II. — Dates de construction. III. IV. — Le nom du temple. V. —
Fêtes et offrandes. VI. Noms divins. VII. Noms géographiques », RecTrav 20, 1898, p. 100-111.
BAINES John,
— « The Inundation Stela of SebekÌotpe VIII », Acta Orientalia 36, 1974, p. 39-54.
BAINES John,
— « Kings at Karnak : a Study of the Treatment of the Monuments of Royal Predecessors in the Early New
Kingdom. By Gun Björkman. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Boreas : Uppsala Studies in
Ancient Mediterranean and Near Est Civilizations. Pp. 155 + 2 plans. Uppsala, 1971. Price £
4.50 », JEA 60, 1974, p. 270-272.
BAINES John,
— « The SebekÌotpe VIII Inundation Stela : An Additional Fragment », Acta Orientalia 37, 1976,
p. 11-20.
BAINES John, MALEK Jaromir,
— Atlas de l’Égypte ancienne, Fernand Nathan, Paris, 1981.
BAINES John, MALEK Jaromir,
— « Karnak », dans Atlas de l’Égypte ancienne, Fernand Nathan, Paris, 1981, p. 90-93.
BAINES John, MALEK Jaromir,
— « Karnak », dans Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt, Andromeda Books, Oxford, 2000, p. 90-93.
BAKR Mohammed Ibrahim,
— « Amon, der Herdenstier. I. Beschreibung. II. Text. III. Kommentar », ZÄS 98, 1970, p. 1-4.